Letzte Änderung: 29. Oktober 2019

Smarika Lulz


Lehrstuhl für Öffentliches Recht und Rechtsvergleichung


Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Lehrstuhl für Öffentliches Recht und Rechtsvergleichung
Unter den Linden 6
10099 Berlin


Altes Palais, Raum 421
Unter den Linden 9, Berlin-Mitte




Digital Political Economy, Privacy and Data Protection, Freedom of Expression, Intellectual Property, Law and Technology, Critical Legal Theory, Law in Society, Postcolonial Studies, Labour Law, EU Law.

My Ph.D. research maps how economic and data protection laws contribute to shaping injustice in social, economic, and environmental settings. In this, I am particularly interested in the material exclusions that are created through processes of abstraction via the practice of the modern legal form of rights and freedoms.


10/2017- Present  
  DAAD-GSSP Scholar and Ph.D. Researcher, Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany
02/2017- 03/2017 
  Research Intern, Hans Bredow Institut for Media Research, University of Hamburg, Germany
  L.L.M. (European and European Legal Studies), Europa-Kolleg, University of Hamburg, Germany (on a Dr. Angela Merkel DAAD Scholarship)



Sarai Fellow for Short-Term Research on Social and Digital Media, Center for Study of Developing Societies, New Delhi, India

08/2014- 12/2015  
  Lecturer, Indian Institute of Journalism and New Media, Bangalore, India

06/2014- 09/2016


Legal Consultant, Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore & New Delhi, India

06/2013- 11/2015 
  Legal Researcher, Alternative Law Forum, Bangalore, India
12/2012- 2/2013   
  Research Intern, National Judicial Academy, Bhopal, India
07/2008- 04/2013 

B.A., L.L.B. (Hons.), National Law Institute University, Bhopal, India


Book Chapters

2019 (forthcoming). Freedom of Expression in Diverse Democracies: Comparing Hate Speech Law in India and the EU, in: Philipp Dann et. al. (eds.), Democratic Constitutionalism in Continental Polities: EU and India Compared (with Michael Riegner)


2018. Zero-Rating as the Demon and the Saviour: Rethinking Net Neutrality and the Freedom of Expression for the Global South, The Indian Journal of Law and Technology Vol.13 Iss.2 [link]

2018. The Classification of Digital Labour as a Constitutional Problem: Mapping the Collaborative Economy for a Social Europe, Study Paper No. 03/18, Institute for Integration, Europa-Kolleg Hamburg Study Paper Series [link]

2016. The Defence of Public Interest as an Exception to Copyright: New Developments on the Indian Front, NLIU Journal of Intellectual Property Law Vol.5 [link]

2016. Concentration of Media Ownership and the Imagination of Free Speech, Economic and Political Weekly Vol.51 Iss.17 [link]

2015. Media Ownership and the Marketplace of Ideas, Economic and Political Weekly Vol.50 Iss.22 [link]

2013. Feminism and Federalism, The GNLU Law Review Vol.4 Iss.1 [link]

2010. The Governmental-Naxal-Tribal Conflict: Looking at Rights through the Lens of Cultural Relativism, Journal of Indian Law and Society, Vol. 2 Winter [link]

Legislative and Policy Briefs

2015. Response to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) Consultation Paper on Regulatory Framework for Over-the-top (OTT) Services, On behalf of Alternative Law Forum, Bangalore [link]

2015. Countercomments submitted to the TRAI Consultation on Regulation of Over-the-Top Services (Internet Apps), On behalf of Alternative Law Forum, Bangalore [link]

2014. IANA Transition: Background & Overview, (with Geetha Hariharan), On behalf of Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore [link]

2014. The Future of IANA Transition, {co-authored with Geetha Hariharan}, together On behalf of Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore [link]

2014. Response to Law Commission’s Consultation Paper on Media Laws (with Lawrence Liang, Namita Malhotra & Danish Sheikh), On behalf of Alternative Law Forum [link]

2013. Response to The Rajya Sabha (Upper House, Parliament) on Petition Concerning Cyber Pornography (with Lawrence Liang & Namita Malhotra), On behalf of Alternative Law Forum [link]

Select Opinions

Academic Posts

2015. Governing Speech on the Internet: From the Free Marketplace Policy to a Controlled ‘Public Sphere,’ Researchers at Work Essay [link]

2015. Making a Classification Choice for the Internet: Between the Visible Car Parts and the Invisible Pizza Delivery, 4/2015, Sarai Social Media Research Grant Essays [link]

2015. The Role of Classification in Facilitating Identities for the Internet: The Case of VoIP Regulation, 3/2015, Sarai Social Media Research Grant Essays [link]

2015. Report on the Consultation on Net Neutrality in the Indian Context: Reality v. Rhetoric [link]

2015. Net Neutrality for a Web of Equals, The Hindu Centre for Politics and Public Policy [link]

2012. An Introduction to the Issues in Internet Governance, CIS Blog [link]


2018. Gendered Reality Gaps: How “Objective” Machine Learning Contributes to Intersectional Exploitation, GenderIT.org [link]

2016. Re-imagining Zero Rating: How Should TRAI Juggle Internet Access and Net Neutrality?, The Wire [link]

2016. Geospatial Bill: Another Attempt to Control the Free Flow of Information, The Wire [link]

2016. Aadhar Bill: Why Classification Matters in Law Making, The Hoot [link]

2016. Five Net Neutrality Myths Busted, The Hoot [link]

2015. How Internet.org Presents an Opportunity to Rethink Freedom of Speech, Medianama [link]

2015. Five Reasons Why Media Monopolies Flourish in India, Scroll.in [link]

2014. Striving for Plurality of Media: The Promises and Shortcomings of TRAI’s Recommendations on Media Ownership, Kafila [link]


IIJNM, Bangalore: Media Law and Ethics (Lecturer, Winter Semesters 2014 & 2015)

Humboldt University, Berlin : Law and Interdisciplinarity Seminar (Teaching Assistant, Winter Semester 2018-19)

NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad: Law and Popular Culture Seminar (Teaching Assistant, Spring Semester 2013)